Hnaef points out to me the story of Joseph.
While a ruler in Egypt, Joseph gets wind a famine's coming. So he engineers the grain market so he can control it, grabs the land and, when he gets the chance, imposes a tax on everybody. In the process he massively increases the centralised power of the state.
He loosens border controls and lets in economic migrants (ie his family).
And he's the brother who succeeds, offending his older brother in the process.
That coat weren't many-coloured. I reckon it was just red.